Category Archives: PHILOSOPHY


I’m so mad about the counselor the school sent her to. I know they meant to help, but I don’t need someone confusing my girl by telling her she has to forgive the man who hurt her, or she will not be forgiven for her sins.  Come on, what are HER sins?  She’s a child, for heaven’s sake!  It’s ridiculous and it really makes me mad.  He’s just adding to her trauma, making it her fault.  So we’re looking for another counselor.

I told my girl, I said, look, honey.  Listen to your mother.  You have zero obligation – exactly none at all – to forgive him.  You don’t have to love him.  You don’t have to wish him well.  You don’t have to worry about him, or think about him at all.  He could be dead in a ditch, for all we care, and that is not your problem.  It’s not your job to make him okay.   You don’t have to forgive him or ask God to forgive him.

Your job is to be okay.  That’s all.  Just to heal yourself.

Do your best to not dwell on it. I told her.  Try not to give it more time.  I know it’s hard, but try to live for today.  You’re in a good place now.  You’re safe.  So keep walking away from it.  Every time it comes to mind, throw it far from you.  Every time he comes to mind, throw him back into God’s hands.  Let God deal with him.  Do this just for you – for your own sake, not to help anybody.

You don’t have to wish him well, you don’t have to wish him evil, you don’t have to spend one more minute thinking about him.  You were brave, and you asked for help.  Nobody can hurt you like that again.  So now try and let this go, so you can be free.  Because I know what I am talking about, I lived it myself – if you don’t let go of it, it won’t let go of you.  And I don’t want that for you.  I don’t want you to be tied to this for years.  I want you to be free.  Safe and free.



I heard a real, down to earth, preacher speak yesterday.  Gifted, inspired, truth-telling and encouraging, with lots of humor.

He was talking about the things we care about and struggle with in our real lives, like addiction, and pain.  Loneliness, and humility.  Wanting help, and not knowing where to get it.  Needing strength, and feeling weak.  Real things.

He gave an example of a man who was “sick, sober and sorry,” but not enough to  clean up.  Just hung over.  And the man came and asked for a blessing, asked for prayer.  And this was not the first time, but it was an old pattern.  An old habit that kept going around and around, like addiction does.

And this preacher told him, okay, son I’ll pray for you.  I’ll pray that every time you smoke, it makes you feel like you’re about to get lung cancer.  I’ll pray that your booze makes you sick at the first sip, and tastes like poison.  I’ll pray that you get so sick, you almost die.  I’ll pray for God to cut you down to size.   Yes, God, I ask you to bring this man down.  Do whatever it takes, God.  Take him down.  Break him.  Bring him to his knees!

And the man was scared and surprised, and didn’t understand.  But this preacher explained.  He told him, son, you’re hanging over hell on a rotten stick.  I want you to be saved.  I want you to live.  I want you to get your life back.  But if you won’t turn, I pray that God will turn you.

You think you’re sorry now, the preacher told the man, but you’re just hung over.  That’s not sorry.  You need to go deep, son.  You need to get to tears and snot.  You know what I’m talking about?  You need to cry your guts out, cry until your face is covered with tears and snot, until you’re on your knees, crying out to God from a broken heart.  A humble heart.  A heart ready for healing.  And so I pray for God to take you down.  Because I want you to live.  I want you to be healed and whole.  I want you close to God.

Now that, to me, is a real preacher.  A man who knows what he’s talking about, and wants to do good in the community.  That is a man of God, and a man of the people.  A blessing to those who hear him.



Be careful what you pray for.  That is the lesson.  Really think about what you need.  Don’t be greedy.  Don’t be thoughtless.

I admit it.  I was praying for a boy.  I was.  We have a girl, and  I feel so worried about her.  You cannot imagine, unless you have a tiny baby girl in your arms, how vulnerable she is.  Anybody could just grab her out of my arms and break her into pieces.  She is so helpless.  I walk around with my heart in my throat and half-choking, when I think about it.  How can I protect her?  So many things happen – so very many.  Especially to girls.  And I love her so much.

So I was thinking, and yeah, I know it’s stupid.  But I was thinking, if we have a boy, he will soon be bigger and taller than her.  Stronger than her.  They are only a year apart.  And I will teach him, as I told God, to protect her.  To watch out for her at school.  To make sure no one disrespects her.  It wasn’t because I am selfish and just wanted someone like me.  I wanted someone to help me – to help me protect my little girl.

Well, here we are in the ultrasound, right, and I have my hands in prayer, and I’m like, please God let me hear it is a boy, and it is a girl.  The tech shows us, see, it looks like a plum.  The – you know – the girl parts.  It looks like a plum.  And my wife is like, haha, you wanted a boy.  I told you it was a sin.  I told you not to pray for anything but a healthy baby.  That is all I ever prayed for.  You need to be humble, she told me.  Be glad we can have a strong and healthy girl again.

But then we go to meet with the doctor and the doctor is like, your baby has a cyst in the part of the brain that makes the spinal fluid.  And it might be okay and it might not be okay but it might mean that your baby is gonna have Down Syndrome.  That means she will never be independent, and she will need to be protected and cared for throughout her life.  And my wife looks at me like it’s my fault.  Why did I pray for a boy?  Why?

And I tried to tell my wife, I just wanted someone strong.  And she told me, guess what?  You are going to find out what I already know.  Girls and women are strong, you dumbass.  And your little princess is going to grow up into a queen, like me.  And she is going to be fierce  and protective, like me.  And guess what?  She is going to help me to take care of this vulnerable baby, her baby sister.

So you go pray for what you want, she told me.  Go pray for whatever you want and find out that mostly, the answer is gonna be no.  Because you don’t know what you need.  You don’t know what your kids need.  Stop asking God for special favors, and for the love of God, be careful what you pray for, she told me.  And she’s right.

My wife also tells me that if this baby has Down Syndrome, it is going to be a gift from God.  And if it turns out that she doesn’t, it is still going to be a gift from God.  And I already promised my wife I am going to train them in soccer, both of my girls, to whatever level they can play.  Because they’re my kids, and they’re my gifts.  I will take what I am given.  My wife is right.  I am kind of a dumbass.



People who never leave the US only hear the stories of people who came here because they had bad lives.  People who struggled.  Who lived with violence and war.  But if you ask me, I think most people in the world, almost anywhere, are happier and feel safer than people do here in the US.  Anyone outside of a war zone.  That’s just my opinion.

I didn’t come here for a better life.  I came here because I fell in love with someone who convinced me to move here, and I think about moving back all the time.  He keeps saying, remember how little you earned at your job, honey.  But I tell him, it was enough.  And it was relaxing.  And the whole pace was just calm and smooth.  No panic.  No fear of getting laid off, getting in trouble, getting fired.  People were just laid back, the customers would stop and talk, nobody was running.  People didn’t complain all the time.

People find out I am from the so-called “third world” and they act like, oh wow!  Lucky you for coming here!  You must have learned so much by living in this great industrialized heaven!  Like how to use electricity and climb down from the trees – okay I am being sarcastic here, but I want to be completely sincere, without trying to denigrate the great things that this country has meant to so many people.  I really do get that for some people it is a lifesaver, but not for me.  I have learned just two things here.

One, to be scared.  Two, to worry.  If you have only lived here, you don’t notice.  You guys are scared.  You are scared all the time.  Scared and worried, and never really relaxed.  Never at peace.  Never just feeling like, hey, this is enough.  There is an overall sense that you need more.  You have scarcity pictures, and you live in them all the time.  You don’t have enough.  You don’t feel like enough.

You worry about having insurance.  You worry about having a job.  You worry about having enough time.  You worry about keeping your job.  You worry about getting a house.  Then you worry about keeping the house.  Then  you worry about fixing your house.   You worry about having kids, then you have kids and you worry about your kids.  When can you relax?  When can you enjoy your life?  When can you say, enough is enough?

If you ever travel outside the US, you will notice that the people you meet, no matter how poor, are more relaxed than you.  Happier than you.  More at peace.  Enjoying their lives more, and not wasting it in worry.  They have decided that they have enough to be happy, enough to live, already.  They have decided that they are enough, and what they have is enough, and their family is enough.  They have enough!

In my country, I had a tiny apartment and a tiny salary and it was enough.  It was adequate.  And I was happy.  And I was relaxed.  And so was everybody else.  We got along.  We had enough.  So am I lucky to be here?  No.  Did I gain so much?  No.  Not from my perspective.  Because I didn’t need what I got here – stress and worry and fear.  No thank you.  I don’t need it.  I hope I can move home some day, and the first thing I will do is take a meditation class, so I can unlearn what I learned in the US.


Many trainers talk about neuroplasticity, the concept that our brains constantly reorganize themselves, allowing us to make new connections.  And this is important, because “what fires together wires together”.   If we are not mindful, our thoughts can take on some pretty predictable patterns and responses.  For those of us in high trauma environments, it is worthwhile to consider what we input into our gray cells, and what pathways we are creating and enforcing.

What kind of tangled goat paths do you have in your brain, and where are your superhighways?  What ideas are so overgrown as to be impassable?  What have you been telling yourself you cannot accomplish?  What have you given up on?  What are your repetitive thoughts and feelings that you fall into almost daily?  What are the main storylines of your life that you tell yourself and others, out of the infinite possible stories you could tell based on the same facts?

Some interpreters I know swear they just “don’t think about” what we witness.  But I believe that the less we metabolize the trauma we witness, the more our bodies and minds store and carry it.   And if we are not aware of what we are carrying, we cannot put it down.  That makes us more jumpy, more scared, more angry, more frustrated, and shorter-tempered, whether we notice it or not.  And if we cannot handle noticing it, then we shut down and disconnect.  And we become less present for our loved ones.  This puts us at high risk for addiction, isolation, and depression.  And of course it makes us quite unpleasant to be around, even when we are by ourselves.

What can we do?  Well, we can always change our jobs, our homes, and our environment.  Those who have done so notice something, though, that we need to be prepared for – we take our minds with us wherever we go.  Sorry about that!  Just as working in our gardens will not give us a clean house, working on our outer environment will not give us a spacious and healthy inner landscape. It is fine to work in our gardens, but we still need to do the inside work if we want a peaceful and habitable home for our thoughts.

in addition of changing what we do, we can change how we do it.  We can change our attitudes and our stories.  We can notice what is happening in our bodies both at work and when we leave. We can make self-care an absolute habit, instead of getting used to being tired all the time.  We can remember that the work we do is a choice and a privilege.  That we can leave at any time.  We can move on to something else that doesn’t hurt us as much, if we are that burnt out.  If we are through.  And that is okay, too.

If we are not through – if we still have much to learn where we are, doing what we do, then let’s keep doing it.  Let’s do it with love and respect.  Let us honor the dignity of the people’s whose voice we have become.  Let us not take on their suffering, but be a witness to their suffering, and give them voice while listening fully and respectfully.  Because when we are fully and exquisitely present, when we are with them without encroaching, when we give them voice without tainting their message, then we have done what we can in our chosen work.

When we can change our internal dialogue from reflecting on how stressful our work is and how hopeless and tired we have become, then we can make new paths.  And those paths can bring us a new inner dialogue: our open, heartfelt presence at work and at home serves us and serves our community.  It is worth cultivating.  This is not magical thinking, except in the best sense of that term.  It is simply replacing old habits with some new, healthy ones.  And this is worthwhile.  Because unless and until we do this, we are destined to keep thinking what we keep thinking, even when it doesn’t serve us.



Judge to person at the crossroads.

You have two choices.  You can walk through fire now or you can walk through fire later.  The choice you do not have is to just keep ignoring it and hope it will go away.  It won’t, as far as this criminal case goes.  And it won’t, as far as your addiction goes.  And let me tell you something.

Your grief, you anger, your sadness, you can drug it up.  Sure. It’s just like putting face makeup over acne.  But it’s all still there, just under the surface, and it isn’t doing better for being smothered.

I can see you are angry.  You may have a lot of great reasons.  But I am telling you that you need to get clean enough to own your anger.  You need to make it your friend.  You need to learn to do anger well.  Then you can use if for your self-protection, not to harm yourself and others.  Same thing with your grief and your sadness.  Own it.

Stop with the blame.  Stop with the made-up stories about how you are about to do great things but everyone is stopping you and holding you down.  Stop with how the people who love you and believed in you even after you betrayed them are letting you down.  You are the one letting them down.  You are the one letting yourself down.  This is about you today.

I know all the reasons you can possibly tell me for why you are using.  I have heard them all, for years and years.  But let’s turn that question around.  I invite you to ask yourself why you might want to get sober.  Do you have anything worth living for?  Anything you would like to do or feel or try before you die?  Are you curious?

You stand at the crossroads.  You can walk through fire now, or you can walk through fire later.  And oh, there actually is one third choice.  I have seen many of my clients go that route.  You can die without having even tried.  That is the saddest path of all.  For you, at this point, that includes prison time.  Is that what you want?

Don’t answer me.  I am giving you five days in custody so you can answer yourself.  There are questions that seem impossible, yet if we can get into a quiet space, we find that the answers come to us.  I hope your answers will come to you.  See you next week.

Guards?  Please escort our client to the think tank.



In the healing fields, we talk a lot about self-care, sustainability, and balance.  We give so much at work because we care so much, yet how do we balance that with wanting time and peace of mind for ourselves?  The neighbor who “works for money” has more money, but we can handle that.  We are dedicated, and we are aware enough to know we are better off, physically, than most people in the world.  So what is our problem?

One of our trainers posited that our US model leads us to believe that we can never have enough, be enough, or do enough to be truly happy.  We need more.  We feel a haunting sense of scarcity, no matter how heroically we strive to achieve and own.  When we feel bad, we tend to consume more, then we need more, and then we cycle back through.  Those of us who conscientiously try to consume less can still feel scarcity as to our time, sense of security, or whatever else we feel we cannot get enough of.

Do we have a haunting fear that we are not enough?  That we do not have enough?  That we must relentlessly keep going, even past the point of exhaustion, against our own self interest and common sense?  Where do these pictures and ideas come from?  Most likely from our earliest childhood, then reinforced at school, in the media, and throughout our pushing, craving, needy society.

So our “not enough” pictures come from the outside, and become self-destructive when we take them in and swallow the model whole.  Once we hurt ourselves with our imbibed ideas of “how we should live,” we become both oppressor and oppressed.  At that point, how much freedom do we have left to re-evaluate our choices?  How much of this internalized oppression is so tightly woven into our self-identity, that we cannot get off our respective hamster wheels?

Who is driving us right now, today?  Consumer society aside, what are our true responsibilities to self and others?  Who do we owe, and what do we owe them, and where are we as individuals on our own to-do lists?  Including the list that says “spend quality time with…”

Where is the freedom, and the spaciousness, that many of us thought we would gain as adults, when we could finally decide for ourselves what we want to do, and make our own rules to live by, and choose our own delicious lives, and live them fully?  Where is the time to forge and sustain these lovely relationships with the people we mostly have to cut off so we can get ready for our workweeks?

How do we get the time, and the space, to renew ourselves and refresh ourselves?  How do we keep up our strength and our energy through these weeks and months and years of performing our tasks?  How much should we be working, and when can we play?  And who is making these decisions for us?  And to the degree that we are, what are we basing these decisions on?  Whose ideas are driving us?  And if we are driving ourselves, how can we pull over, take a breath, and figure out our desired destination, and the road we wish to travel?



Those of us who are idealistic and striving tend to spend a lot of our time thinking about how much better the world would be, and how much better we would feel, if only people would change.  If only institutions would change.  If only the government, and our workplace, and even some of our loved ones, would change.

We have a vision of such a beautiful world, so possible if everyone would just cooperate.  And we know that others would want to live in it.  They would love to.  What a wonderful world, free of violence and willful harm.  Full of cooperation, love and peace.  Sustainable, nature-protecting, encouraging, and fair.  Inclusive and kind.  It is hard to fathom that we cannot achieve it, when so many of us do so much for it.

Why does it hurt so much, at times, to wish for something so wonderful?  Because this is what we are essentially saying to ourselves:

If only something outside of myself, over which I have no control, would change, then I could finally be okay.  I could be happy.  I could be at peace.  I could relax and enjoy my life.  I could finally come down off of high alert, and stop the endless striving, effort, struggle, and strain of trying to fix the systems, the institutions, and the people that I long to fix with all my heart.

But what if nothing outside of us does change to any appreciable degree?  What if our work with abused children does not end child abuse?  What if our interventions on behalf of sex workers does not end predatory behavior and human trafficking, worldwide, or even locally?  What if our lobbying does not change policy in any meaningful way?  What if our interpreting in court and in hospitals does not mean every person gets adequate healthcare and a fair trial, or a fair hearing as crime victim?  What if the people we sponsor do not stay clean and sober?  What if all our speeches and talking do not convince others to become kinder and more compassionate, to think lovingly and protectively, of both themselves and others?

Our love and our longing and our vision and our good intentions do not add up to getting to control these outcomes.  So we need another plan beyond the idea that something outside of ourselves has to change in order for us to be okay.  Let us consider the sad likelihood that we cannot fix the world, or even our workplace, or even our close friends and family.

What is our plan if nothing outside of ourselves ends up changing, in spite of our best efforts?  How are we going to maintain our own ethics, knowing that bad institutions tend to defeat good people?  How are we going to maintain our integrity in the face of certain injustices?  How are we going to keep our abiding joy, when we see so much suffering all around us?  How can we live, how can we work, how can we be at peace, knowing that whatever we do will not be enough?

If we face the fact that we are not going to change the world to any appreciable degree, and certainly not to the degree we would like, how are we going to keep any sense of meaning regarding our great and striving efforts over years of work?  How are we going to keep our ability to be effective in the tiny droplet of change that our individual efforts might make in the ocean of life?   My experience has taught me to embrace humility, and see how small I truly am.

All I can watch, all I can shepherd, all I can ever have any chance of controlling, is my own speech.  My own thought.  My own conduct.

This is not giving up.  This is letting go.  It is finding freedom while still choosing to serve.  When we embrace it, it allows for a tiny, yet expansive opening – a space for quiet joy within all the striving.


There is a great book called Why Zebras Don’t Get Ulcers, and one of the premises is that animals don’t tend worry about things that are not happening imminently.  Let’s say a zebra runs from a lion.  She deals with the immediate situation: running, zigzagging, finding her pack, whatever.  Once she is safe again, just moments later, she trembles, maybe vomits, then shakes it off and is fine again.  She has released the trauma of that moment.  Humans are not very good at this.  Especially in the workplace.

The zebra doesn’t, as far as I know, spend weeks or months dwelling on that moment.  She doesn’t relive the moment, fighting the same fight, running the same run, freezing and not able to call out or move, over and over for the rest of her life.  She doesn’t ponder why lions cannot find other food sources, or whether there is something about her that made her a target.  Or feel guilty for her own survival when someone else became lion food. She doesn’t keep reacting to it as if it were happening over and over, and about to happen yet again.

Humans take things differently, due to our socialization.  We take things very personally.  We take things very subjectively.  Yet we are socialized to think that we are supposed to “handle things” especially at work.  We are not supposed to react.  We feel embarrassed if others of our species sees us trembling.  That is shameful, especially at the workplace.  So we don’t, if we can help it.  We hold it together.  We don’t cry.  Especially as interpreters, we don’t emote at all.  We show nothing, and hide even our facial expressions, let alone our naturally occurring spontaneous words and gestures.  We only speak for others.  We don’t discharge our stress.

A friend of mine did some kind of regression therapy where she would go and shake and tremble while remembering unpleasant episodes of her life.  I am not sure whether trying to shake off something that was imprinted thirty years ago is very helpful.  But I am sure that carrying the full weight of everything that we have ever experienced and witnessed is an impossible task.  And the burden of that weight, if not discharged, tends to lead to many addictive behaviors.

So we have to find ways to shake it off.  This can be dance, movement, exercise, running.  It can be some kind of support group or therapy, meeting with colleagues and discussing things in a way that does not breach confidentiality.  It can be time in nature, rest, fishing, or whatever makes you light and easy.  It can involve meditation, or prayer, or anything that can change your mind and your body.  Anything that can change the way you feel when you are hurt and can neither cry out nor fight back.

And let’s take a moment to recognize that what we do is difficult.  There are excellent reasons why interpreters have to be neutral.  We are not speaking in our own voice.  We are not registering and conveying our own emotion, opinions, or experiences.  And yet as human beings, if we are connected, it hurts us to be hurt and to not cry out.  To run and not stop and tremble and vomit as needed.  To not even be allowed to run, when we need to.  To hold it in.

We need to find ways to be like the zebra.


Sometimes I wonder what actual percentage of people are deeply wounded.  My data is very skewed. Working in a criminal setting, assisting refugees, having friends and family who grew up in war zones, I see mostly the wounded. My heart goes out to those who have suffered. And yet I have had to learn a very difficult lesson in all of this. Not everyone conquers their traumas to become wonderful people.  Not everyone ends up with redeeming qualities. So how do we love them? This is a terrible and powerful question.

In the so-called Western World, we like to have dichotomies – pairs of opposites. Good and bad is our favorite pairing. We look at everything, from the tree in our backyard to our garbage can, in the light of what is good about it, and what is bad. As more Eastern philosophy has infiltrated, we are taught to see “what is” and accept things for what they are without superimposing our judgment of how we wish things were. So we struggle to see people “as they are” and love them “as they are” and forgive them “as they are”.

When the Christian God tells us to love our enemies, that God talks about the hardest kind of loving. Because it is easy to love those who love us and are kind to us.  Yet we are challenged to go beyond this.  We are challenged to love those who do not love us. To love those who do us harm. To love those who are evil, bad, hurtful, and cause lasting damage to ourselves and our loved ones.

How can we do this? I have come to believe that with our Western-trained mind we can only do this by deeply believing that “underneath it all” our enemies have good qualities. They are good people in their own way, with what they know. They are doing the best they can.  So we find and love the good in them.  This is easier than accepting the bad.  This is much easier than loving the whole person.

We “find something to love” in them. We tell ourselves that even enemy warriors go home to their children, and hug their spouses, and try to be “good” according to their lights. They kill people, and blow up buildings, but most of them believe they are sacrificing for a good cause. So we love the good in them. This works on the personal level, too. Someone just told me her Dad used to beat the living crap out of her, but she says she loves him, because he made her tough! He was a good man, she told me. Whatever the example, we try to find good in the people we have reason to hate, and we love that good in them, because we cannot love them whole.

In my close experience with extreme predatory and cruel behavior, I have found that every predator has a deeply wounded psyche with a multitude of intellectual, spiritual, psychological, and social ailments. A review of their childhood would be the basis for a very sad movie, or a Child Protective Services report. There is no doubt in my mind about this. And of course not all of them are to the extreme that they are imprisoned or marked a predator for life. Some are just highly unpleasant, often charming, and toxic people.

It is not unusual for these people to go from fits of rage to begging for love and acceptance. To hold a knife to a loved one’s throat, then sob like a baby and say how sorry they are, how much they love their victim. And not all of the wounded are in the criminal justice system, of course. Only a tiny percentage. There are plenty of people “around” who have fits and tantrums. People who are angry at the world. Fragile beings who snap at the smallest thing. Who throw things and scream at the people they swear they love, then want forgiveness, then repeat. They have terrible coping skills, we say. And some really are good people, deep down. As Westerners we can look deep, and find the good, see their good acts, and love them for the good buried deep underneath their unpleasant and hurtful qualities.

But this has been one of my hardest lessons: Having a wounded psyche does not make a person good deep down. In the very predatory, the psychopathic, the extremely narcissistic, they may not have a “core of goodness” that the Western mind can find and grab on to in order to love them. Their suffering makes them pathetic, in the sense of deserving of compassion, but it does not make them good.

I have met a lot of people who had an early loss of innocence, whether through family trauma, civil war, early addictions, or generalized violence in their culture of origin. Most are incredible survivors who overcome their past to embrace the wholeness of healing, and serve as a model to others.

But some don’t develop. They are resentful and envious of whole people, or healed people. They hate to see the innocence that they themselves have lost still alive and well in others. Some fiercely attack those who can look themselves in the mirror and like what they see. Some have a dark desire to wipe the smile off the faces of those who are happy.  For these few, our Western dichotomy does not serve us to find their core of goodness that allows us to love them.

I was in an John’s class, where men who solicited a prostitute get information about the sex trafficking trade and the human fallout. The teachers start by working on the men to help them see how harmful some of the good/bad dichotomy is for both men and women. At one point, an extremely unhealthy and deeply unhappy man started to share about how bad he felt, and how he could never live up to the “good man” myth, ow he was never allowed to cry as a child. He was suffused in sadness. And my heart felt pity for him.

At the same time, I felt a flood of sadness for the unanswerable question: Sitting here as the only woman in the room, my heart torn by the plight of the sex workers, and the suffering engendered by people like this speaker, I still feel sympathy for his suffering. Why cannot he feel sympathy for the suffering of the sex workers? Why cannot he feel compassion for others? Doesn’t he know that his suffering and theirs is from the same well of suffering? How can he be so cut off from humanity. as he must be, to do the things he does, with such a sense of entitlement? Where is the good in him? What if there isn’t any?

And so the hardest lesson in loving your enemies, if you choose to do so, is to give up on finding the good in order to love them. To turn off the good-bad searchlight. To see someone’s suffering and see how pitiful they are and without finding any redeeming quality within them, to love them as the enemy. Not because they are deeply good, but because they are deeply wounded. Love them at a safe distance, and protect yourself, and stop making up stories about how they are probably good, and let them be your enemy, and love them.